Situated just ten minutes away from the Centre of Paris on the end of metro line 1, Vincennes is well worth a visit, if only to see its 14th-Century Château de Vincennes, as well as its forest, Bois de Vincennes.
Château de Vincennes
Constructed between the 14th and 17th centuries, Château de Vincennes has seen varying uses throughout its lifetime. From its time as a royal residence to its stint as a dungeon, the Castle remains the only fortified château close to central Paris.
Lying to the East of the city, the château traces its origins back to use as a royal hunting lodge in the 12th-Century. (Just like the much larger Fontainebleau-which is also a great day trip from Paris!). However, this was deemed insufficient for the growing interests of the Kings of France, and at some point during the 13th-century, the hunting lodge was transformed into a much larger, palatial building. During this period, it was here at Château de Vincennes that both Philippe III and Philippe IV wed their future wives and queens of France.
Present Day Château de Vincennes & Visiting Today
In the 14th-century, the building you can see today was built, replacing the 13th-century buildings. During the renovations, the Château was greatly updated. All contemporary conveniences were added, making it the perfect base for the seat of royalty. In fact, with the addition of the donjon tower (also known as the keep), at 52 metres high, the castle became the tallest medieval fortified structure in Europe at the time.
Today, the château remains complete with a keep, dungeon, moat and fortified concentric walls. Like many monuments and sites of historic interest across IÎle de France, the castle is free to visit on the first Sunday of every month. However, if you do choose to visit on one of these ‘open days’, make sure to arrive early- whenever something is ‘free’, there’s always a long queue to enter!
Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes
One of only a few such ‘Sainte-Chapelle’ chapels still surviving, Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes is definitely worth a look around, if only to see the stunning stained glass windows and its brightly lit interior. This gothic structure was founded in 1379 and updated over the centuries to encompass various Kings’ tastes and requirements.
This is the closest of all the Sainte-Chapelle to its much more iconic, and more famous neighbour in Paris, Sainte-Chapelle on Île de la Cité. Unlike the Parisian version of the chapel, the Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes is located on just one floor and is much smaller.
The stained glass windows have been restored to a much greater extent here than in the city, as well. This is because much of the interior of the place of worship was destroyed during the French Revolution.
Bois de Vincennes (The Forest)
Once the preserve of Kings and Nobles, and solely in use as a Royal Hunting Ground, today Bois de Vincennes surrounds the Château de Vincennes and is one of the largest public parks in Paris. (Here and Bois de Boulogne are the two largest parks). Here, you’ll find a lake (where you can rent a rowboat), plenty of green spaces, and a botanical garden.
The Park was created in the 19th-century at the request of Napoleon III and was always intended for use as a public space. The park is so vast, that it comprises of 10% of the entirety of Paris, and takes hours to walk around.